Titular church However, if the entry in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum can be dated to the early 5th century (not a foregone conclusion), then that is the earliest evidence. The external entrance loggia is mediaeval, erected in the 12th century but altered by Fuga. Visitors are now not allowed in church during Mass, and should not wander about during the Divine Office, nor take photos of the nuns while they are worshipping. He also painted the musician angels in the vault, and The Angel Appearing to SS Cecilia and Valerian on the right hand wall. Before the 18th century restoration, the mosaic was larger and also occupied the upper part of the apse wall. There are three entrance doors, the central one being much larger than the other two. Perhaps the main attraction is Pietro Cavallini's Last Judgment fresco, often cited as the masterpiece of the artist who, with Giotto, was a prominent Late Gothic artist and a forerunner of the early Renaissance. The original location was here, but it was moved to the right side of the courtyard in the Middle Ages and only put back in 1929. As a result this monastery was closed, and the complex given to a monastic order called the Umiliati in 1344. To the left are the damaged remains of an Annunciation, and to the right fragments of the Ladder of Jacob and the Deception of Isaac by Jacob. Haec aulam Domini formans fundamine claro, aurea gemmatis resonant haec dindima templi, laetus amore Dei hic coniunxit corpora sancta. By means of this abundant grace, we enjoy a diverse and close-knit parish family—young, old, rich, poor, of various ethnic origins and differing backgrounds. This dates from the first half of the fifth century. Cecilia was later ordered to be killed by being suffocated in her own bath-house, but survived and then suffered a botched attempt at beheading which left her lingering for three days. The work was abandoned in the 18th century restoration, and covered by wooden panelling until it was rediscovered in 1900. The central portal is arched, with a molded archivolt and a strap finial on the keystone. is a 5th century church of Rome, located in the Trastevere rione and devoted to Saint Cecilia.HistoryThe first church of Santa Cecilia was founded probably in the 5th century, by Pope Urban I, and devoted to the Roman martyr Cecilia. This is a serious puzzle, leading to a theory that the church was only founded in the fifth century when the baptistery was provided. By the late fifth century, at the Synod of 499 of Pope Symmachus, the church is mentioned as the Titulus Ceciliae. The work shows Christ holding a rolled-up scroll and giving a blessing, while being pointed at by the Hand of God the Father. It was created as the funerary chapel of Cardinal Rampolla, and the monument to him here is by Enrico Quattrini of 1929. Such shrines would have been found in all pagan Roman homes. Once inside, you find yourself in a shallow vestibule separated from the main nave by an arcade of five arches. It was the funerary chapel of the Ponzianica family, to which belonged the husband of St Francesca Romana. Unfortunately, the subsidiary chapels off the right hand aisle are now usually kept gated, and are inaccessible to ordinary visitors. Address: Here is a monument for Cardinal Giacomo Luigi Brignole, by Salvatore Revelli in 1855. This is back in situ in the courtyard replacing the atrium, after a long career being sidelined. Great selection of hotels in Santa Cecilia in Trastevere. $5.71. The relics of the saints were moved to new shrines; the silver casket containing St Cecilia was not opened in the process. The present ornate crypt was a new construction,  ordered by Cardinal Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro, titular priest of the church 1887-1913. This is the only surviving painting by Cavallini (apart from a water-colour), and ranks as among one of the most important art-historical works in the world. Media in category "Santa Cecilia (Rome)" The following 19 files are in this category, out of 19 total. In a nearby room there is a domestic pagan shrine consisting of a niche with a tufa relief of Minerva in front of an altar. She would have shared this nomen with all the other women of the gens, the name of which seems to derive from a blind (caecus) ancestor. Visitors to this historical neighborhood love the natural attractions this area offers such as the gardens. These were looted from a very high status context. He did so, was baptized, and was hence martyred together with his brother Tiburtius and a soldier involved in their detention called Maximus whom they converted. If you go into  the nave and look back, you will see the nuns' choir over the entrance vestibule. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is one of Rome's most beautiful churches. It merely reads: Franciscus, titu[lus] Sanctae Caeciliae car[dinalis] de Aquaviva. The church façade above the loggia fronts the central nave only; the aisles have no frontages (the right hand side is occupied by the campanile, and the left hand side by the internal access to the nuns' choir). The 18th century Chapel of Relics was designed by Luigi Vanvitelli. The vault is decorated with a representation of SS Cecilia, Valerian, Stephen, Urban and Laurence, surrounded by vistas and with depictions of hermit saints. The nave has eleven bays, originally separated by twelve Corinthian columns in the arcades on each side. The Gothic canopy was made, and signed, by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1293. Apart from the baptistery (not apparently accessible to unaccompanied visitors), there are no signs of early Christian activity to examine down here. The central nave has its own pitched and tiled roof, and the left hand aisle has its own lower roof. The work dates to 1767. The sanctuary wall cuts off the final structural bay of the nave. A Holy Year was proclaimed for 1600 and, in preparation, the titular of the church, Cardinal Paolo Emilio Sfondrati, paid for a restoration of the interior. The church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is situated on the West bank of the River Tiber, to the south of the Vatican City. The brush-strokes in the multi-coloured angels' wings repay close examination. English: Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is a church in Rome. The pope relates that he himself enshrined the relics and coffin in a marble sarcophagus under the altar of his new basilica, for which he provided an apse mosaic featuring a representation of himself. St Cecilia is on top, then come Valerian, Maximus and Tiburtius in the middle and Lucius and Urban at the bottom. However the baptistery of this church was found during the archaeological excavations, situated underneath the present Chapel of Relics. There were several additions and alterations to the church in the 12th and 13th centuries. Because the monastic cloister is immediately against the left hand side wall of the church, there are no external chapels there. This aisle contains three along it, and one at the far end. The floor within this enclosure is of opus sectile work, with a central porphyry tondo bearing an inscription commemorating Cardinal Paolo Sfondrati, titular priest of the church 1591-1618 (don't mistake this for the epigraph by Maderno mentioned below). These are of different sizes, with the central one being largest, the two flanking it narrower (these are now trabeated, with infilled tympani), and the outer two narrower still. Explore this cemetery for graves, information and tombstones for names in Basilica di Santa Cecilia in Trastevere in Rome, Lazio, a Find A Grave Cemetery. These frescoes were brought here from elsewhere, the Crucifixion apparently being on the wall of a nearby house and the Madonna from the monastery. In plan and in its fabric the church remains a 9th century basilica. The side portals are rectangular, and above each is a panel bearing a stucco relief of palm branches in a crown. martyrologies) place her martyrdom in the great persecution under the emperor Diocletian, at the start of the 4th century. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Zanna did the putti in the vault. There are six pilasters in a derivative Composite style, two pairs at the outer corners and the other two between three large rectangular windows with molded frames. The problem that this restoration addressed was that the weight of the 18th century ceiling vault was proving too much for the ancient columns of the arcade. The apparition of St Cecilia to Pope Paschal, and his subsequent discovery of her body in the catacombs in the 9th century, is depicted in a poorly preserved 13th century fresco at the end of this aisle. Above the apse, in the gable, is a round window which lights the void in between the nave ceiling and the roof. Phone: A mosaic attributed to him can be seen in the nearby Santa Maria in Trastevere. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is a 5th-century church in Rome, Italy, in the Trastevere rione, devoted to the Roman martyr Saint Cecilia. This was unfortunate, because being outdoors has caused the stonework to weather. ... during the renovation works, Cardinal Sfondrati had the tomb of Santa Cecilia opened, thus revealing the miraculously intact body, dressed in white and with wounds on her neck. The latter is intact, but of the former only a damaged work by Pietro Cavallini survives on the counterfaçade wall (this is part of a separate room over the entrance vestibule). A major re-ordering of the parishes of the Centro Storico took place in 1824, under the bull Super Universam issued by Pope Leo XII. This used to be in the loggia, but was moved here to preserve it in 1785. Churches of Rome Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. The nuns have been here ever since. This led to the large, richly decorated crypt now existing, the architect of which was Giovanni Battista Giovenale. Its provenance is unknown, but it was obtained for the new church by Pope Paschal. However, on the right hand side there are several ancillary structures. Among the former titular cardinals of the church are Adam Easton of Hertford, who is buried here (see below), and Thomas Wolsey. This focused on a re-ordering of the saint's shrine, and involved the disinterment of the relics in 1599 in the presence of witnesses. Since the restoration ordered in 1823 by Cardinal Giorgio Doria-Pamphilj Landi, titular priest of the church 1818-1837, these columns have been encased in squat Doric pillars. Valerian and companions, on the other hand, are now thought to have had nothing to do with her. The first unambiguous documentary reference, apart from the legend, is in the list of priests attending a synod under Pope Symmachus in 499, when it was one of three tituli or parish churches in Trastevere (the others being San Crisogono and the present Santa Maria in Trastevere). 1291 Mosaic Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere, Rome The scroll in the woman's hand () links her to the bride in the Song of Solomon.It reads Leva eius sub capite meo et dextera illius amplesabitur me, "His left hand is under my head, and his right hand shall embrace me" (2:6, 8:3).Christian writers interpret the bride as Ecclesia, the Church: see my page on Ecclesia. In the apse of the crypt are the remains of an altar whose inscription indicates that it was dedicated by Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085) on 3 June 1080. The inscriptions found in Santa Cecilia, a valuable source illustrating the history of the church, have been collected and published by Vincenzo Forcella.[3]. It was put here in 1900. The interior of the coffin he had lined with silk fabric. As the nuns live in strict enclosure, the choir is not accessible to casual visitors. If he is to be believed, it raises an interesting question as to how the body was handled. They provided a group of sisters as a nucleus of a new community, which started life in 1530. Exactly the same arrangement exists here, except that the ceiling now conceals it. A surviving documentary reference of 1073 mentions that an altar was consecrated "in her [Cecilia's] bath", which must be this chapel. Hence all the fanciful etymologies in the devotional literature are worthless and can be ignored, as this was not a personal name. Pantheon to Santa Cecilia in Trastevere bus services, operated by ATAC S.p.A. Azienda per la mobilità, arrive at Sonnino/S. The design was by Giovanni Battista Ceccarelli, the bust was by Andrea Lebrun and the putti were by Tommaso Righi. The façade above the loggia was designed in 1725 by Ferdinando Fuga, who had been commissioned by Francesco Cardinal Acquaviva d'Aragona, titular priest of the church 1709-1724. Titular church The monastery was dedicated to SS Cecilia and Agatha. 22 Piazza di Santa Cecilia At the end of the 13th century a programme of embellishment of the interior was carried out, which involved frescoes on the walls and a new ciborium or baldacchino put up in 1283. Architect(s): A marble slab in the pavement in front of the case, quotes Maderno's sworn statement that he has recorded the body as he saw it when the tomb was opened in 1599. It used to be part of a larger scheme depicting the legend of St Cecilia, but the rest was destroyed together with further scenes showing the martyrdoms of SS Vincent, Laurence and Stephen the Holy Deacons. In 1586, the nuns commissioned Pomarancio to paint a (now lost) fresco cycle of the Life of St Cecilia in the apse below the (then larger) mosaic. There are five storeys above the aisle roofline, separated by decorative dentillated cornices. In conclusion, historically St Cecilia can be taken as a martyr of uncertain date who left a tradition of burial at the Catacombs of Callistus, and an association with the site at Trastevere. She is the patron of musicians. This loggia leads into an entrance vestibule, over which is a room which used to be the nuns' choir. As you go through the archway into the courtyard, you pass an ancient Roman cippus on your right, commemorating Pomerius Urbanus and dating to the year 75. You really shouldn’t miss visiting this lovely church. The archivolts of the arcades are molded, and every other arch is infilled with a tympanum bearing either an eagle within a wreath with palm branches or a mitre with flower bouquets. Sebastiano Conca, Guido Reni, Stefano Maderno I recommend trying to see Cavallini's fresco in the choir. This has four fully round Doric columns on high plinths and with garlanded capitals, and these hide four shallow pilasters in the same style. The structural fabric of the church is re-used Roman brick, visible here. The suggestion that it was founded in the 3rd century presumes the historicity of the legend. It seems that there was some sort of joint administration of the two basilicas at the time. Details. The centrepiece is a trompe l'oeil depiction of the crypt for which the cardinal was responsible, revealed by an angel drawing back a marble curtain while a statue of the cardinal looks in. The relics are behind a grille. The visible structures are 15th century. The present appearance of the chapel is the responsibility of the famous early 20th century architectural historian Antonio Muñoz, and was finished in the same year. The work was done in 1470. Note the grilles giving a view of the ancient remains below, from which came the fragments of ancient terracotta steam pipes attached to the walls. The Umiliati had an unfortunate career, and lost possession of the monastery between 1419 and 1438. Some older elements were preserved, notably the baldacchino and apse mosaic, but a new ceiling vault in a restrained Baroque style was inserted. The ancient bapitstery was filled in, to raise the floor level to match that of the church. Above each window is a scallop shell and curlicue motif. The saint is shown doing penance in the Judaean desert. However, they had been responsible for the production of pallia and the nuns at Santa Cecilia inherited this responsibility on their foundation. Polski: Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, jeden z rzymskich kościołów. St Cecilia Details. The monument had been dismantled and the bits dispersed, but was reunited and restored in 1891. The actual casting of the bronze work here and elsewhere in 1600 was by Domenico Ferrerio and Orazio Censore. Gallicano station. The nuns lost their freehold to the government in 1873 but, unlike those in most other Roman convents at the time, the nuns here have managed to stay put. The monument was made by Paolo Romano, and was only finished several decades after the cardinal died. This altered the appearance of the basilica much more radically than the 18th century works. One hopes that he was naïve instead of having a sick sense of humour, because a split pomegranate is an ancient erotic symbol of Venus (if you can't work it out, this is not the place to explain). This indicates that the church was parochial, a status it kept until the early 19th century. In the centre is a rectangular pool with a large stone vase, a cantharus, which is ancient. Basilica . To the right of the tomb (and invisible from the gate) is a fresco of the cardinal with Pope St Pius X. It is still claimed that the 2nd century AD house under the present church could have been the actual home of St Cecilia converted into a titulus, but there are serious problems with this. Tragically, the Cosmatesque floor was ripped up and replaced by boring terracotta slab work. The murderers tried to strangle her, but when this proved impossible, she was beheaded. Hours Main church and excavations daily 9:30am–12:30pm and 4–6pm. The It is in the form of a Gothic tomb-chest, with a recumbent effigy on top. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is a 9th century monastic and titular church and minor basilica located at Piazza di Santa Cecilia 22 in Trastevere. The viewing times for this are: Weekdays 10:00 to 12:30. It has a central nave with two side aisles, separated by arcades with twelve ancient columns each (now hidden inside pillars). The second storey has two arched orifices on each face, and the third one three; each archivolt has a double arc of bricks with the lower one recessed, and the archivolt springers of both storeys are connected by a string course. These are the apostles. These light the nuns' choir. Opposite the chapel entrance is a tondo showing The Marriage of SS Cecilia and Valerian by Guido Reni. The Chapel of the Crucifixion has a doorway in the right hand side of the entrance vestibule, and also access through the first door on the right in the right hand aisle. At first glance, the main nave may disappoint. We talk about several churches, a saint, a blessed, and a Bernini. The crypt is visible to visitors to the underground, but not accessible since there is a metal railing blocking access. In the same campaign the relics of SS Valerian, Tiburtius and Maximus were transferred from the catacomb of St Praetextatus and enshrined in another marble sarcophagus. The church has an upper gallery over the entrance, originally possibly reserved for the use of women and which was made into the nuns' choir in the 18th century by inserting a screen wall with windows. The Cappella delle Reliquie was frescoed and provided with an altarpiece by Luigi Vanvitelli. The brickwork seems not to show signs of the corrosion that tanning would have caused. The church of Santa Cecilia is another great church that you shouldn’t miss in Trastevere. According to the account, the location of the relics in the catacombs of Callistus had been forgotten but he was favoured with a dream featuring the saint who pinpointed the site for him. In 1935 the convent was shared between the Benedictine nuns and a community of Franciscan Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, but the latter are apparently now at Via dei Genovesi 11/A nearby. In that year, the yard was converted into a garden with the cantharus as the centrepiece of a pool surrounded by low formal box hedging. Perhaps the main attraction is Pietro Cavallini's Last Judgment fresco, often cited as the masterpiece of the artist who, with Giotto, was a prominent Late Gothic artist and a forerunner of the early The mediaeval convent buildings on each side that replaced it are picturesque, but of little architectural interest. The two inner posts support a split segmental pediment, into which is inserted the coat-of-arms of Cardinal Troiano Acquaviva d'Aragona being supported by a pair of putti. The marble sarcophagus was found to contain a wooden coffin lined with silk and with the body in a gold-embroidered shroud, just as described in the Liber Pontificalis. This is partly because the roof of the church is rather low in proportion to its width, so the shallow curved vault of the ceiling is slightly oppressive. Below, in the centre is the Cross with the Instruments of the Passion, and this is flanked by angels blowing trumpets. There are six flaming torch side finials accompanying it. Interestingly, the words are run together as they might have been in a contemporary hand-written book -instead of being separately given as is familiar in ancient monumental epigraphs. The whole project was executed between 1291 and 1293, and seems to have resulted in a fresco cycle featuring scenes from the Old and New Testaments. Anna Maria Panzera and Mario Bagordo: La Basilica di S. Cecilia. The statue of St Sebastian was originally provided by a Sienese goldsmith called called Alessandro de' Turchi in 1597, but was installed here as a memorial to Cardinal Sfondrati in 1620 by Maderno. The nave is frescoed with the Apotheosis of Santa Cecilia (1727) by Sebastiano Conca. The 19th century sculptor who provided a copy for the Catacomb of San Callisto corrected this. It is striking, because it precedes by decades the similar high-Baroque sculptures by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (for example, his Blessed Ludovica Albertoni) and Melchiorre Cafà (Santa Rosa de Lima). The cantharus now blocks the view. St Andrew the Apostle. The intricate early Baroque funerary monument at the right hand end of the loggia is worth more than a glance. Cardinal Rampolla wished to restore the church to its presumed mediaeval appearance, but could do little apart from having the crypt built. The Chapel of the Bath or Balneum Ceciliae is reached via a doorway in the right wall of this corridor, and has been claimed as St Cecilia's bath-house for at least a thousand years. The nuns are on record as having extended this in order to provide space for burials in the 17th century. In the 17th century the nuns excavated a burial crypt for themselves, which was the start of the exploration of the ancient remains under the church. and up. This surprisingly early date was supported by the famous historian and archaeologist Giovanni Battista de Rossi, who also claimed to have pinpointed the original place of burial in the Catacombs of Callistus. Several interesting medieval tomb slabs and inscriptions, as well as fragments of sculpture, can be seen attached to the walls of the loggia. Under the Chapel of the Relics are the remains of a large room with an apse and a mosaic floor; this room was restored in the 3rd century. Pictures of the church at Wikimedia Commons are here. $55.95. In 1900, in the same restoration, the damaged fresco by Cavallino was discovered behind wooden panelling in the nuns' choir over the entrance vestibule. Santa Maria Addolorata a Piazza Buenos Aires, Nostra Signora del Santissimo Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi, Santa Maria della Concezione in Campo Marzio, https://romanchurches.fandom.com/wiki/Santa_Cecilia_in_Trastevere?oldid=21950. 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